With 26 baby teeth and 30 permanent teeth, cats on a carnivorous diet have fewer teeth than humans. However, your cat’s teeth and mouth need regular care and attention to spot a problem as early as possible before it takes on more boring proportions. Indeed, the mouth of cats contains an abundant bacterial flora which, thanks to the presence of food debris, can constitute dental plaque, then tartar and promote a very frequent disease although little taken into consideration; periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease affects the periodontium, which is the supporting tissue of the tooth (“its foundation”). As the disease progresses, the gums, then the ligaments, then the supporting bone become weakened. The teeth start to move, causing pain when eating. Your cat may then have difficulty in taking food, eating less and may sulk its food. In the more advanced stages of the disease, the tooth is no longer sufficiently fixed and held in place and may eventually fall out. Unfortunately, the problems caused by these bacterial dental plaques can also spread: the germs then reach the whole body and cause disorders in the heart, liver or kidney, with serious consequences on general health. Of the cat. In humans this phenomenon also exists; this is why the medical profession and dentists insist on maintaining our teeth and our entire mouth. It’s not just a bad breath problem!
In this chapter, you will find information about these oral disorders, and how to anticipate and treat them. Once the disease has settled in the advanced stages, it is irreversible and the treatment implemented by your veterinarian is quite heavy. Do not hesitate to take care of your cat’s mouth as soon as possible, already in the kitten, and especially remember to ask your veterinarian to do a regular check-up of your cat’s oral health.
Regular scaling and oral care will help improve your pet’s oral health and therefore their breath.